u kategoriji Fotografija

Ako ste upravo kupili svoj novi DSLR fotoaparat, a ne znate što je RAW datoteka i što učiniti s njom, nadam se da će vam ovo pomoći da shvatite. RAW datoteka ili sirova u doslovnom prijevodu je kao što samo ime kaže neobrađena  slika. Ne možete je odmah otvoriti na računalu; ne možete je podijeliti, ni poslati.

Sliku je potrebno obraditi u softveru za obradu slika kao što su Adobe Photoshop i Adobe Lightroom. Možete to učiniti i sa softverom koji ste dobili od proizvođača uz fotoaparat kao što su Nikon View NX ili Canon ImageBrowser EX. RAW datoteke su veće datoteke i one sadrže sve podatke koje senzor vašeg fotoaparata dobiva.

Slike u RAW formatu su blijede, bez kontrasta i boje, tako da, kada ih uređujete, možete napraviti da izgledaju kako vi želite. Možete ih izoštriti, promijeniti ili naglasiti određenu boju. Možete smanjiti i povećati količinu bijele i crne boje i napraviti slične postavke. Metaforički rečeno, mogućnosti su znatno veće kada imate sve sastojke i smjesu, samo trebate ispeći tortu da bude onakva kakva vama najviše odgovara.

JPEG datoteka je standardna vrsta datoteke koja se koristi za slike. JPEG se najčešće koristi na računalima, mobilnim telefonima, internetu i društvenim mrežama. Slike su već obrađene s namještenom oštrinom, kontrastom i bojama. Ne možete učiniti puno preinaka nakon što je fotografija slikana. Vaš fotoaparat automatski obrađuje sliku snimljenu u JPEG formatu. Ona iz fotoaparata izlazi kako je on obradi i najčešće ne treba nikakvu korekciju. Možete je odmah dijeliti na društvenim mrežama, poslati  i gledati na bilo kojem uređaju. Slike u JPEG formatu su puno manje, jer su već obrađene i stisnute na odgovarajuću veličinu.

Prednosti JPEG formata

Kada uzmemo u obzir obje opcije, možemo vidjeti prednosti i nedostatke svake od njih. Prednost korištenja JPEG format je što možete odmah koristiti svoje slike. Na primjer, kada slikate rođendane ili obiteljski portret i želite to podijeliti na društvenim mrežama ili poslati drugima. Prednost je i njena veličina i prostor koji zauzima. Ako nemate dovoljno prostora na memorijskoj kartici, računalu ili mobitelu, JPEG slika će vam uštedjeti prostor. Također, ako ne znate raditi u softveru za obradu ili nemate dovoljno vremena, JPEG format će uštedjeti vaše vrijeme.

jpeg slika

JPEG format slike

Prednosti RAW formata

S druge strane, slike krajolika i prirode, makro fotografija i portreti će izgledati puno bolje, ako ih slikate u RAW formatu i obradite kako želite. Možete koristiti više detalja, boja i dobiti puno bolju kvalitetu slike. Slikanjem u RAW formatu, fotoaparat pohranjuje sve podatke koje senzor fotoaparata uhvati. Dakle, puno ste fleksibilniji kako bi dobili ono što želite od slike.

raw format slike

RAW format slike

Pokušajte s oba formata i usporedite slike

Pokušajte slikati u oba formata i obradite RAW slike u softveru za obradu. Saznajte kako ga pravilno koristiti i maksimalno obraditi sliku. Usporedite slike prije i poslije obrade. Kada vidite razliku, saznat ćete koja vam vrsta više odgovara i u kojoj prilici je trebate koristiti. Podijelite sa mnom svoje iskustvo i komentirajte koju metodu preferirate za slikanje.

obrađena i neobrađena slika

Razlika između neobrađene i obrađene slike

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