u kategoriji Fotografija

Svakom fotografu početniku treba popis opreme i lista želja koji će mu pomoći napredovati u svijetu fotografije. Pretpostavka za izradu ove liste je da već imate kupljen DSLR fotoaparat. S njime ste napravili prve slike koje su dobre, ali vi želite bolje. Za to postoji oprema koja će vam pomoći da dođete do više razine znanja. Lista opreme je temeljena na mojim osobnim željama i potrebama. Primjeri će uglavnom biti temeljeni na Nikon fotoaparatu, jer njega posjedujem. U popisu opreme možete pronaći i linkove na kojima će biti preporuka za kupnju. Oprema koju ću preporučiti je ona koju sam naručio ili planiram naručiti. Sve što naručim ću kasnije i recenzirati kada proizvode dobijem na kućnu adresu.

1. Stativ

AmazonBasics 60-inch Stativ

AmazonBasics 60-inch Stativ

Stativ je osnova koju ćete prvo upoznati kao nužan dio vaše opreme. Kako ćete koristiti svoju kameru, vidjeti ćete da su vam neke slike nakrivljene ili mutne. Rukama ne možemo uvijek precizno odrediti kadar. Stativ je nužan kada želimo slike s dužim vremenom okidanja. Tako sam ja npr. želio slikati slapove na Plitvicama tako da voda izgleda glatko i mutno, a za to mi je bio potreban stativ da sve ostalo ne bude mutno. Isto tako, u situacijama kada nema puno svijetla, možete podesite sporiju brzinu okidača i slika će ispasti super za mirne objekte slikanja, jer se na stativu kamera neće pomicati. Stativ koji sam ja naručio je AmazonBasics 60”, a moju recenziju možete pročitati ovdje.

 

 

 

2. Torba za fotoaparat

Ruskak za DSLR fotoaparat

Ruskak za DSLR fotoaparat

Torba za fotoaparat i objektive se podrazumijeva kao nužna. Shvatit ćete i sami da ne možete fotoaparat držati konstantno u rukama. Još je gore da vam bude u ruksaku ili torbu bez zaštite. Zato vam je potrebna prava profesionalna torba koja ima zaštitu za fotoaparat i objektive. Torbe postoje raznih vrsta, od ruksaka do malih torbi ili umetaka koji štite fotoaparat. Prednost umetaka je što ih možete staviti u bilo koju torbu ili ruksak. Pristupačne torbe možete kupiti na ovom linku.

 

 

 

3. Standardni objektiv

Nikkor 50mm f/1.8G Objektiv

Nikkor 50mm f/1.8G Objektiv

Ako ste kupili samo DSLR fotoaparat ili sa „kit“ objektivom u paketu, onda vam treba barem jedan standardni objektiv. Standardni, u odnosu na „zoom“ objektive su super za početnike, jer najbolje učite. Oni vam pomažu da sami odredite koliko trebate biti blizu ili udaljeni od predmeta slikanja. Budući da ne možete zumirati, morate se nogama približiti ili odaljiti. Također, jako su dobri za portrete, jer imaju efekt zamagljene pozadine, zbog velikog otvora blende. Veliki otvor blende pomaže i kada nemate jako osvjetljenje. Najbolji i najpristupačniji objektiv je 50 mm f/1.8G koji možete kupiti ovdje.

 

4. Bljeskalica/Flash

AmazonBasics Bljeskalice za DSLR Fotoaparat

AmazonBasics Bljeskalice za DSLR Fotoaparat

Kada pokušate slikati pri niskom osvjetljenju sa svojim DSLR fotoaparatom i iskoči vam ugrađena bljeskalica, shvatit ćete da to nije baš neka opcija. Ugrađena bljeskalica je obično jako loša i daje sjenu od samog fotoaparata. Zato vam je potrebna vanjska bljeskalica koja se montira na fotoaparat. Njome možete upravljati ručno i van fotoaparati ili da reagira na ugrađenu bljeskalicu. Zato ona može i stajati sa strane, a ne nužno na fotoaparatu. Prvu bljeskalicu pronađite dobru i jeftinu da vidite kako se uopće njome služiti. Kad je naučite koristiti, onda trebate vidjeti koliko će vam zapravo trebati. Tek tada uložite novac u kvalitetnu i skupu bljeskalicu, iako ima jako dobrih bljeskalica koje se mogu pronaći jeftino. Bljeskalica koju ću ja koristit je AmazonBasics Flash for DSLR koji možete pronaći i naručiti ovdje. O njoj ću uskoro napraviti recenziju, stoga pratite moje nove objave.

 

 

5. Reflektor/difuzor

5 u 1 Reflektori i Difuzor

5 u 1 Reflektori i Difuzor

Reflektori vam služe za odbijanje svjetlosti kako bi prilikom slikanja izjednačili svjetlost koja pada na objekt slikanja, najčešće osobu koju slikate. To su oni veliki okrugli predmeti koje obično viđate da profesionalci koriste. Dolaze u nekoliko boja: sivoj, bijeloj, crnoj i zlatnoj, a najbolje su bijela i siva. Crna je prilično tamna, a zlatna daje jako žut efekt koji ne izgleda prirodno. Difuzor je sličan reflektoru samo se on stavlja između objekta slikanja i izvora svjetlosti i proziran je. On se koristi kako bi smanjio svjetlost kada ona udara direktno u naš objekt slikanja. Reflektore i difuzor je obično najbolje kupiti u 5 u 1 paketu u kojem se prodaju. Svoj paket sam naručio na ebayu, a možete ga i vi kupiti ovdje. O njemu ću napisati svoje mišljenje i iskustvo naknadno.

 

6. Daljinski za fotoaparat

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Daljinski je super uređaj koji nije dovoljno cijenjen. Ne treba svima, ali u nekim situacijama spašava. Možete ga koristiti kad želite slikati bez odgađanja, a da se kamera ne pomiče. Kada na njega aktivirate kameru, ne morate je dodirivati. Isto tako, super je za slikanje obiteljskih portreta na kojima želite i vi biti ili kada slikate sebe. U svakom slučaju, jetin je i malen, pa zašto ga onda ne nabaviti. Postoje originalni daljinski koje možete nabaviti od proizvođača fotoaparata, a postoje i zamjenski i jeftini daljinski koji jednako rade. Daljinski koji ja koristim je za Nikon, a možete ga nabaviti ovdje.

 

7. Memorijska kartica

Memorijska Kartica Samsung PRO 32 GB

Memorijska Kartica Samsung PRO 32 GB

Sasvim je logično da svoje slike morate pohraniti negdje, tako da vam je potrebna dobra memorijska kartica. U slučaju da već niste nabavili neku i koristite staru memorijsku karticu. Potrebna vam je kartica koja ima veliku brzinu čitanja što svi ističu, ali isto tako je važna i brzina pisanja. Brzinu pisanja nećete svugdje pronaći istaknutu, pa pripazite na nju. Ona je potrebna za brzu pohranu i pregledavanje fotografija. Što je viša, to će rad na fotoaparatu biti bržu. Kapacitet memorijske kartice ovisi o vašim potrebama, a naravno da je bolje uzeti što veći, ali to je i skuplja opcija. Memorijska kartica koju ja koristim je Samsung Pro 32GB, a možete je kupiti ovdje.

 

 

8. Set za čišćenje

Set za čišćenje objektiva

Set za čišćenje objektiva

Zbog osjetljivosti objektiva, često ćete ga uprljati, osobito kad je loše vrijeme i kad slikate u prirodi. Zato su vam potrebna sredstva za čišćenje, kako prljavština ne bi bila vidljiva na slikama. Ne želite ni oštetiti opremu s nepripadajućim sredstvima za čišćenje. Najbolje je nabaviti maramice za čišćenje objektiva ili naočala, pumpice za zrak koje miču prašinu, sprej za čišćenje objektiva i kistove. Zanimljiv set za čišćenje  možete kupiti ovdje.

 

 

 

9. Filtri i Sjenila

Filter i Sjenila za Objektiv

Filter i Sjenila za Objektiv

Filtri su oprema koju ne koristi svatko i ne slažu se svi da su izuzetno korisni. Tako npr. UV Filtri ne služe ničemu na DSLR fotoaparatu, jer objektivi već imaju UV zaštitu ugrađenu. Jedino ga je možda teže razbiti, no ako se razbije staklo filtra, razbit će se i staklo objektiva. Ali ne slažu se svi s time, pa ih neki redovito i koriste. Filtri koji vam mogu pomoći su polarizirajući, ND i graduirani filtri.

Polarizirajući filtri smanjuju odsjaj na objektu slikanja i ljepše ističu boje. ND (neutral density) filtri smanjuju intenzitet svjetla, tako da kad je jaka sunčeva svjetlost, možete otvoriti blendu više ili produžiti vrijeme eksponiranja. Graduirani filtri počinju sa svijetlim dijelom i završavaju tamnim, a dobri su pri slikanju pejzaža. Omogućuju nam da izjednačimo jaku svijetlost neba i tamno kopno. Filteri postoje u raznim veličinama, ovisno o objektivu kojeg posjedujete, jer se na njegu pričvršćuju, stoga je na to potrebno pripaziti. Sjenila se koriste za zaštitu objektiva od direktnog i jakog svjetla ili sunca. Također, postoje u raznim veličinama i oblicima ovisno o veličini i tipu objektiva.

10. Programi za uređivanje fotografija

Adobe Lightroom i Photoshop Logo

Adobe Lightroom i Photoshop Logo

Ukoliko već niste, svakako nabavite i koristite neki program za obrađivanje slika. Kao što sam već objasnio u svojoj objavi, najbolje je slikati u RAW formatu da iskoristite najviše od slike. Kasnije je tu sliku potrebno obraditi. Najbolji i najpopularniji programi su Adobe Photoshop i Lightroom. No, oni su i najskuplji, zato možete nabaviti i neku alternativu tih programa. O alternativama ću napisati nešto u budućnosti, kada ih osobno isprobam.

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