Prague is the capital and largest city in the Czech Republic, the 14th largest city in the European Union and the historical capital of Bohemia. Situated in the north-west of the country on the Vltava river, the city is home to about 1.3 million people, while its metropolitan area is estimated to have a population of 2.6 million. Official currency is Czech koruna and exchange rate is 100 CZK for approx. €4. Prague has been a political, cultural and economic center of central Europe complete with a rich history.
Prague is home to a number of famous cultural attractions, many of which survived the violence and destruction of 20th-century Europe. Main attractions include Prague Castle, Charles Bridge, Old Town Square with the Prague astronomical clock, the Jewish Quarter, Petřín hill, Vyšehrad and many more. You can check my list of Top places in Prague for more information about them. Since 1992, the extensive historic center of Prague has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.
The city has more than ten major museums, along with numerous theatres, galleries, cinemas and other historical exhibits. An extensive modern public transportation system connects the city. Also, it is home to a wide range of public and private schools, including Charles University in Prague, the oldest university in Central Europe.
Public Transport in Prague
Vaclav Havel Airport
If you use a plane to come to Prague, you should come to the Vaclav Havel Airport. From there, it’s very easy to get to the city center using the public transport. You don’t have to use a taxi. Just get to the bus 119 on the terminal and it will take you to the metro and tram station Nádraží Veleslavín. From there, you can choose tram or the metro line A to reach the city. You can buy tickets on the machines on almost every station. Tickets are valid for every type of public transport in the city. You can choose from 30 minutes ticket for approx. €1 and also, 90 minutes ticket for approx. €1,5.
Public transport in Prague is really good, so you don’t have to worry about moving around the city. It’s really simple to use it. There is the metro which is connecting city center with all the other city parts and blocks. It’s the fastest public transport you can get, as it usually is in a most of the cities. The metro train is available every 5 minutes. Tram lines are also really developed and they drive every few minutes. All the main sights are located in the city center, do you don’t need any kind of transport. You can reach all of them on foot. If you don’t want to walk, you can rent a normal or electric bike. It will cost you from €15 to €20 for a 4 hours rent.
Food and drinks in Prague
Traditional food in Prague mostly consist of roasts, goulash and steaks with potatoes, bacon or salad. There is a large variety of meat and vegetable combinations, but there is also a lot of vegan restaurants in the city. Everyone knows that the cheapest and most popular drink in Prague is certainly beer. The price of beer mostly is around €2, regardless of the restaurant type. The food that you will see on every corner is a popular Trdelnik.
Trdelnik is a rolled dough, which is baked on fire and seasoned with sugar or cinnamon. In many places you will find Trdelnik filled with Nutella, ice cream and fruit. Although many states their right on it, the Czech Republic is not one of them. If you are asking locals or Prague guides, they will tell you that it is not a traditional Czech specialty, but just a tourist delicacy. Restaurants and pubs are located at every corner, so it won’t be difficult to find something to eat. To help you with your stay in Prague, I made a post Where to eat and drink in Prague?
As Prague is a very popular tourist town, it is logical that there are tourist traps at every corner. The Czechs will be happy to offer you something that usually costs a lot more than it is worth, so be careful and ask only what you want. Toilets are usually charged everywhere in the city, even in restaurants, cafes and shopping centers. It’s best to find a coffee shop or restaurant that doesn’t charge the toilet, usually out of center or Starbucks with a password from your receipt. You can also go to the Palladium Shopping Center which, along with numerous shops has the fast food restaurants and a complimentary toilet.
It is most important to be careful when exchanging money. There are a lot of dishonest people who will offer you a change on the street for a ridiculous exchange rate. Not only they will try to scam you, but the official exchange offices will also give a high commission or crazy exchange rate. Always remember that fair price for 1 Euro is more than 25 CZK!
There are many dishonest places especially downtown, so be careful where to change your money. My recommendation is exchange office named eXchange located 50 meters from Old Town square. Their course is always above 2500 CZK for €100 and you can download a coupon on their website for even better course. However, the best option is to use credit cards and pay with them. Almost every restaurant, bar and shop, even on the street, will accept them, so you don’t need a lot of cash with you. Along with them, the most common fraudsters are city cabs.
It’s well known that they charge even three times higher rate for tourists. So, if you’re using a taxi service in Prague, maybe the best option would be to use Uber. At least you will know how much they will charge you. As in any popular tourist location, be careful and keep your valuables safe, because there are lots of pickpockets in the city.